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In an Emergency


1. Call the Poison Center Helpline (1-800-222-1222) if you or another person have been exposed to something that might cause an unwanted and/or unexpected reaction.

 

2. Remain calm - the majority of poison emergencies can be resolved quickly; over the phone

 

3. Call 9-1-1 if the person is unconscious or has difficulty breathing.

 

 

 

Plant List - Poison and Non-Poison

Oct 21, 2014
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The following list of over 600 plants, trees and shrubs was researched by the Illinois Poison Center (IPC) staff and rated for their potential degree of toxicity. It is intended to serve as a quick and simple reference guide to assist parents and caregivers in selecting safer foliage for growing in and around homes, schools, daycare centers, residential facilities, etc. This is not intended to be an all inclusive list and if a plant doesn’t appear on this list, do not assume it to be safe.  Click here for the most current plant poster.


Important Disclaimers: This list is not intended to serve as a source to offer medical treatment for any patient who has come into contact with any of the listed plants. For individualized and precise treatment recommendations regarding any exposure to any plants, readers are advised to call the IPC 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 800-222-1222.

A rating scale of 0-3 is used to classify the hazard risk following exposure to that particular plant. It is based on the assumption that a child or an adult inadvertently consumes a few leaves or berries of the plant material.


This rating system may not apply to other circumstances such as:

  • A person eating large amounts as a food
  • Intentionally eating or smoking plant material for recreational substance abuse
  • Animals grazing on large amounts of plant material
  • Consuming plant parts or making a tea to be used for medicinal purposes

It is also important to realize that the poisonous chemicals in plants may vary from the following:

  • Plant part to plant part (i.e. berries versus seeds versus leaves versus roots)
  • Ripe versus unripe fruit (age of plant)
  • Time of the year
  • Any application of pesticides

If you have any questions regarding the application or interpretation of information in this list, please call the IPC at anytime.

 

Plant Toxicity Rating Scale

0 – These plants are nontoxic. Remember, even nontoxic leaves and berries can pose choking hazards to small children.


1 – Symptoms may occur which are mild and not life threatening, such as minor nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or skin rashes.


2 – Symptoms may occur which are moderate (hallucination, severe stomach irritation, profuse diarrhea/dehydration)


3 – Symptoms may occur which are severe and life threatening (irregular heartbeat, breathing distress, seizure, shock, paralysis or coma)



PLANT LIST

TOXICITY LEVEL

Abelia

0

Absinthe

3

Ackee

3

Aconite

3

Acorn (Oak)

1

African Daisy

0

African Marigold

0

African Violet

0

Agave

1

Aglaonema

0

Airplane Plant

0

Alder Buckthorn

2

Aloe

1

Alpine Currant

0

Aluminum Plant

0

Alyssum

0

Amaryllis

1

American Cancer

2

American Holly

2

American Ivy

1

Anemone

2

Angel's Trumpet

3

Angel's Wings

1

Annual Periwinkle

3

Anthericum

0

Apple

1

Apple of Sodom

2

Apple Seeds

1

Apricot

1

Aralia

0

Araucaria

0

Arborvitae

1

Areca Palm

0

Arrowhead

1

Artillery Plant

0

Arum

2

Ash Tree

0

Asidistra

0

Asparagus Fern

1

Aspidistra

0

Aster

0

Astilbe

0

Autumn Crocus

3

Avocado

1

Azalea

2

Baby's Breath

0

Baby's Tears

0

Baby's Toes

0

Bachelor's Buttons

0

Balsam

0

Bamboo

0

Baneberry

3

Barberry

1

Basket Vine

0

Bearberry

3

Beauty Bush

0

Beech Tree

1

Begonia

0

Belladonna Lily

1

Betel

3

Birch Tree

1

Bird of Paradise

2

Bird's Nest Fern

0

Birth Trees

1

Bitter Nightshade

2

Bittersweet

2

Bittersweet Nightshade

2

Black Birch

0

Black Calla

2

Black Eyed Susan

2

Black Henbane

2

Black Locust

2

Black Walnut

1

Blackberries

0

Bleeding Heart

1

Bleeding Heart Vine

0

Blood Leaf Plant

0

Blood Root

1

Blue Cohosh

2

Blue Flag

1

Blue Green Algae

1

Boleus

0

Borage

1

Boston Fern

0

Boston Ivy

1

Bougainvillea

1

Boxwood

2

Bridal Veil

0

Bridal Wreath

0

Bromelia

0

Bromeliad

0

Broom

2

Brunch Berry

0

Buckeye

2

Buckthorn

3

Bull Nettle

1

Bunya

0

Burning Bush

2

Burro Tail

1

Buttercup

1

Butterfly Bush

0

Butterfly Orchid

0

Butterfly Weed

3

Button Fern

0

Cactus

1

Calabar Bean

3

Caladium

1

Calamondin Orange

1

Calamus

1

Calathea Argyraea

0

Calico Bush

2

Calico Hearts

0

Calla Lilly

1

Calla Lilly Begonia

0

Camellia

0

Candle Plant

0

Candlenut

1

Candy Cane Vine

0

Cape Leadwort

1

Cape Primrose

0

Cardinal Flower

2

Carnation

1

Carrion Flower

0

Carrot (greens)

1

Cashew

2

Cast Iron Plant

0

Castor Bean

3

Cattail

0

Cattleya

0

Century Plant

1

Ceriman

1

Chenille Plant

1

Cherries

1

Cherry

1

Chili Pepper

1

China Berry Tree

3

China Doll

0

Chinese Evergreen

0

Chinese Lantern

1

Chokeberry

1

Christmas Cactus

0

Christmas Cherry

2

Christmas Flower

0

Christmas Rose

3

Chrysanthemum

1

Cigar Flower

0

Cineraria

1

Clemaitis

2

Climbing Nightshade

2

Clivia

1

Clivia

1

Cocoa Bean Mulch

1

Coleus

0

Columbine

0

Comfrey

2

Common Ivy

1

Copper Leaf

0

Coral Bells

0

Coral Plant

2

Cordyline

0

Corn

0

Corn Cockle

1

Corn Plant

0

Cornstalk Plant

0

Cotoneaster

1

Cow Parsnip

2

Cowbane

3

Crab Apple

1

Crab's Eye

3

Creeping Charlie (houseplant)

0

Creeping Jennie

0

Crocus (autumn)

3

Crocus (Spring)

0

Croton

0

Crown of Thorns

2

Crown Vetch

2

Cycads

1

Cyclamen

2

Daffodil

1

Dahlia

0

Daisy

1

Dancing Dolls

0

Dancing Ladies

0

Dandelion

0

Daphne

3

Dark Green Spreader Yew

3

Day Lily

0

Deadly Nightshade

2

Death Camas

3

Delphinum

2

Devil's Ivy

1

Dieffenbachia

2

Dogbane

2

Dogwood

1

Doll's Eyes

3

Donkey's Tail

0

Dracaena Terminalis

0

Dragon Tree

0

Dumb Cane

2

Dutchman's Breeches

1

Dutchman's Pipe

1

Easter Cactus

0

Easter Lily

0

Easter Lily Cactus

0

Echeveria

0

Eggplant

1

Egyptian Paper Plant

3

Elderberry

0

Elephant's Ear

1

Elm Tree

0

Emerald feather

0

Engleman Ivy

1

English Ivy

1

Eucalyptus

1

Eugenia

0

Euonymus

2

Euphorbiaeceae

2

False Aralia

0

False Hellebore

2

False Monkey

0

False Solomon's Seal

0

Fatsia

0

Feltbush

0

Ferns

0

Ferns Ficus Benjamina

0

Ficus

0

Fiddle Leaf Fig

1

Fig Tree

0

Fingernail Plant

0

Fire Thorn

1

Firecracker Flower

0

Firecracker Vine

0

Fittonia

0

Five-Leaved Ivy

1

Flag Root

1

Flaming Katy

0

Flamingo Flower

1

Florida Beauty

0

Flowering Maple

0

Flowering Quince

0

Fluffy Ruffles

2

Forsythia

0

Four-o-Clock

1

Foxglove

3

French Marigold

0

Friendship Plant

0

Fruit Salad Plant

1

Fuchsia

0

Gardenia

0

Garlic

0

Gazenia

0

Geranium

0

German Ivy

1

Giant Hog Weed

2

Gill over the Ground

1

Gingko

2

Gladiola

1

Glory Bower

0

Glory Tree

0

Gloxinia

0

Golddust Plant

0

Golden Barrel Cactus

0

Golden Chain Tree

2

Golden Dew Drop

3

Golden Seal

2

Golden Trumpet

1

Goldfish Plant

0

Grape Ivy

1

Grass Pea

1

Great Lobelia

2

Ground Cherry

3

Ground Ivy

1

Hahn's Self Branching Ivy

1

Hawaiian Baby

2

Hawaiian Ti Plant

0

Hawaiian Woodrose

2

Heavenly Bamboo

1

Heavenly Blue Morning Glory

2

Hedge Apples

1

Hemlock Tree

0

Henbane

2

Hens and Chicks

0

Hibiscus

0

High Bush Cranberry

0

Hog's Bean

2

Hogwort

2

Holly

2

Holly Grape

0

Holly Hyacinth

1

Honey Locust

0

Honeysuckle

0

Horse Chestnut

2

Horse Nettle

3

Hosta

0

Hot Pepper

1

Hoya

0

Hurricane Plant

1

Hyacinth

1

Hydrangea

1

Ice Plant

0

Impatiens

0

Indian Poke

2

Indian Rope

0

Indian Tobacco

2

Iris

1

Iron Cross Begonia

0

Italium Arum

2

Ivy

1

Ivy-arum

1

Jack in the Pulpit

1

Jacob's Ladder

0

Jade Plant

0

Janet Craig Dracaena

0

Japanese Aralia

0

Japanese Lantern

0

Japanese Showy Lily

0

Japanese Yew

3

Jasmine

1

Jequirity Bean

3

Jersey Lily

1

Jerusalem Cherry

2

Jessamine

2

Jimson Weed

3

Jonquil

1

Jungle

0

Juniper

1

Kaffir Lily

1

Kalanchoe

0

Kentia Palm

0

Kentucky Coffee Tree

2

King

0

Kinnikinnick

3

Lady Slipper Orchid

1

Lamb's Tail

1

Lantana

1

Larkspur

3

Laurel

1

Lauren

3

Lavendar

0

Leatherwood

1

Lilac

0

Lily of the Valley

3

Lilyturf

0

Linden Tree

0

Lipstick Plant

0

Lobelia

2

Loco Weed

3

Lords and Ladies

2

Madagascar Periwinkle

3

Magnolia

0

Magnolia Bush

0

Maidenhair Fern

0

Mandrake (wild)

2

Maple Trees

0

Maranta

0

Marble Queen

1

Marigolds (except Marsh Marigolds)

0

Marijuana

1

Marsh Marigold

1

Maternity Plant

0

May-apple

3

Meadow Saffron

3

Mexican Bread Fruit

1

Mexican Pin Cushion

0

Mexican Pricklepoppy

2

Mexican Snowball

0

Milkweed

3

Mimosa

0

Mistletoe

2

Mock Orange

0

Mole Bean

3

Monkey Grass

0

Monkey Plant

0

Monk's Hood

3

Moon Flower

1

Moonseed

2

Morning Glory

2

Mosaid Plant

0

Moss Fern

0

Mother Fern

0

Mother of Thousands

0

Mother-in-Law Plant

0

Mother-in-Law Tongue

2

Mountain Ash Berries

0

Mountain Grape

0

Mountain Hydrangea

1

Mountain Laurel

2

Mulberry Tree

0

Mustard

1

Myrtle

0

Naked Lady

1

Narcissus

1

Natal Cherry

2

Natal Plum

0

Neanthebella

0

Nectarine

1

Needlepoint Ivy

2

Nephthytis

1

Nerve Plant

0

Nicotiana

2

Night Shadeblack

2

Nightshade

2

Norfolk Island Pine

0

Norfolk Pine

0

Oak

1

Oak-Leaf Hydrangea

1

October Plant

0

Oldman Cactus

0

Oleander

3

Onion

0

Orchid

0

Ordeal Bean

3

Osage Orange

1

Oxalis

1

Painted Lady

0

Palms

0

Panda Plant

0

Pansy

1

Paradise Palm

0

Paradise Plant

3

Parsnip

1

Pasque Flower

2

Passion Vine

0

Patient Lucy

0

Paw Paw

1

Peace Lily

1

Peach

1

Peacock Fern

0

Peacock Plant

0

Peanut Cactus

0

Pellionia

0

Pencil Cactus

2

Peony

1

Pepperomia

0

Periwinkle

2

Petunia

0

Peyote

2

Philodendron

1

Phlox

0

Pieris

3

Piggyback Plant

0

Pilea

0

Pine Trees

0

Pitcher Plant

0

Pittosporum

0

Plantago

0

Plum

1

Plush Plant

0

Pocketbook Plant

0

Poinsettia

0

Poison Hemlock

3

Poison Ivy

2

Poison Oak

2

Poison Sumac

3

Pokeweed

2

Polka Dot Plant

0

Pomegranate

0

Pony Tail Plant

0

Poppies

3

Potato (leaves)

2

Potentilla

0

Pothos

1

Powder Puff

0

Prayer Bean

3

Prayer Plant

0

Precatory Bean

3

Pregnant Plant

0

Primrose

1

Privet

1

Propeller Plant

0

Purple Passion

0

Puzzle Tree

0

Pygmy Date Palm

0

Pyracantha

0

Queen's Tears

0

Rabbit's Foot

0

Ragwort

1

Rainbow Plant

0

Ranunculus

1

Rat Root

1

Rattlebox

2

Red Baneberry

3

Red Bud

0

Red Mulberry

0

Red Princess

1

Red River Snake Root

2

Red Veined

0

Redberry

3

Resurrection Plant

0

Rex Begonia Vine

0

Rhododendron

2

Rhubarb

1

Rhubarb (leaves)

1

Ribbon Plant

0

Rosary Beans

3

Rosary Pea

3

Rosary Vine

0

Rose

1

Rose of Sharon

0

Rosemary

0

Rubber Plant

0

Rubber Tree

1

Saffron Crocus

2

Salvia

0

Sand Begonia

1

Sansevieria

0

Schefflera

0

Scindapsus

1

Scotch Broom

2

Screwpine

0

Sedum

0

Seersucker Plant

0

Sempervirens

0

Sensitive Plant

0

Sentry Palm

0

Shamrock Plant

1

Siberian Apple

1

Silk Tree

0

Silver Dollar Plant

0

Silver Evergreen

0

Silver Heart

0

Silver Poplar

0

Silver Vine

0

Silverleaf Nightshade

2

Sinniugia

0

Skunk Cabbage

2

Snake Plant

0

Snapdragon

0

Snow on the Mountain

3

Snowball Bush

0

Snowdrops

1

Solomon's Seal

2

Sophora

1

Spanish Arborvine

2

Spathe Flower

1

Spathiphyllum

1

Spider Aralia

0

Spider Flower

0

Spirea

0

Split-Leaf Philodendron

1

Spoiled Moldy

1

Spray Orchid

0

Sprengeri Fern

1

Spruce

0

Squirrel Corn

1

St. John's Wort

2

Staghorn Fern

0

Staghorn Sumac

0

Starfish Flower

0

Star-of-Bethlehem

2

Stinging Nettles

1

Stone Face

0

Streptocarpus

0

String of Buttons

0

String of Pearls

1

Striped Inch Plant

0

Sweat Plant

0

Swedish Ivy

0

Sweet Clover

1

Sweet Flag

1

Sweet Pea

1

Sweet Vernal Grass

1

Swiss Cheese Plant

1

Sword Fern

0

Syngonium

1

Tall Hedge

3

Tansy

2

Teddy Bear Plant

0

Texan Root

2

Thanksgiving Cactus

0

Thorn Apple

1

Tiger Lily

0

Tobacco

2

Tomato

2

Tomato (leaves)

1

Tomato (vines)

2

Tree Tobacco

2

Tri-colored Dracaena

0

Trumpet Lily

1

Trumpet Plant

2

Tulip

0

Umbrella Plant

0

Umbrella Tree

0

Velvet Plant

0

Venus Fly Trap

0

Viburnum

0

Vinca

2

Violets

1

Virginia Creeper

1

Vriesea

0

Wandering Jew

0

Water Hemlock

3

Wax Flower

0

Wax Plant

0

Weeping Fig

1

White Baneberry

3

White Mulberry

0

White Snake-root

2

Wild Crocus

2

Wild Garlic

2

Wild Indigo

2

Wild Onion

2

Wild Parsnip

3

Wild Strawberry

0

Willow

0

Wisteria

2

Wood Nettles

1

Wood Rose

2

Woodbine

1

Wormwood

3

Yellow Wood

0

Yew

3

Yucca Plant

0

Zebra Plant

0

Zinnia

0

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